Indicators and checklists to monitor animal welfare on-farm and/or check or verify compliance with legislation regarding tail docking and tail biting.

How to assess tail biting? Tail biting may be assessed:

  • On-farm
  • Post mortem, at the slaughterhouse

How to assess the risk for tail biting? Indicators to assess the risks for tail biting cover the following six key risk-factor areas:

  • Enrichment
  • Climate
  • Health and fitness
  • Competition over resources
  • Diet
  • Pen structure/cleanliness

Supporting Commission documents

  • Commission Staff Working Document on how to implement the Commission Recommendation and best practices to reduce the need for tail-docking
  • Cutting the need for tail docking. Leaflet produced by the European Commission, available in 8 languages, including links to 2 best-practice videos (one in Finland and one in Italy) (EC, No date)
  • Commission Recommendation (EU) 2016/336 on the application of Council Directive 2008/120/EC, laying down minimum standards for the protection of pigs as regards measures to reduce the need for tail-docking