Background information and practical knowledge on the understanding of the origin of tail-biting, how it affects pig welfare, and how tail docking can be avoided in practice.

Tail biting and origin:

  • What is tail biting?
  • Which stages of tail biting can be identified?
  • Why do pigs bite tails?

How to prevent tail biting? Risks of tail biting can be considerably reduced if correct management measures are introduced. Six key factors are:

  • Adequate enrichment
  • Comfortable climate
  • Good health status
  • Limit competition over resources
  • Balanced diet
  • Adequate pen structure and cleanliness