The scientific knowledge about fitness for transport reviewed in accordance with the European legislation.
Two central requirements are the basis for the description of fitness for transport in the Council Regulation (EC 1/2005). Animals considered to be unfit are those:
- Presenting signs of pathological processes or injuries.
- Having physiological weaknesses.
The high number and relatively long duration of journeys amplify the importance of the pre-transport fitness of pigs. The diversity of pig categories makes the assessment of fitness for transport extra complex: pigs may be transported as weaners to a finishing farm, at slaughter weight to a slaughterhouse, as breeding animals to a multiplier farm, and/or as cull sows and boars to a slaughterhouse after finishing their productive life.