This page provides background information and practical knowledge on the welfare issues related to farrowing housing and management and how welfare problems can be limited in practice.

Important behavioural and physiological needs of both sow and piglets that need to be considered to facilitate welfare of sow and piglets are described. Five important key areas challenging welfare of sows and/or piglets are highlighted:


  • Space and freedom to move
  • Comfortable climate
  • Nest building and exploration
  • Litter size and competition
  • Mutilations

    Guidance and recommendations for actions to take to improve the welfare on farms is given within each key area.